What are the adrenal glands responsible for in my body?


Through the production of hormones, the adrenal glands play many essential roles in the body. Above all, these hormones are responsible for the life-preserving “fight or flight” response. When your body enters “fight or flight” mode, adrenal hormones increase your heart rate and blood pressure, slow your digestion, release energy stores, and sharpen your senses. This is a normal, adaptive response that keeps us alive in the face of a threat.

The adrenal glands can be divided into two sections: the adrenal cortex (outer layers) and the adrenal medulla (inner core). The cortex itself has various zones, each responsible for producing certain hormones: cortisol, DHEA, progesterone, estrogens, testosterone, and aldosterone. The medulla is where adrenaline and noradrenaline are produced.

The adrenals’ role in sex hormone production becomes especially important as we grow older. Other key responsibilities of the adrenal hormones include blood sugar regulation, anti-inflammatory actions, immune response modification, heart and blood vessel toning, stimulation of the central nervous system, fluid regulation and electrolyte balance. Maintaining healthy adrenal reserves is a great way to protect your body from accelerated aging.

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