Hormone replacement therapy has been the subject of
intense debate for over ten years. After the Women’s Health Initiative results were
published in 2002, women and their doctors feared breast cancer, stroke and heart
disease, and so what was once a mainstay for menopause treatment quickly became
too risky. Women were immediately taken off of, or took themselves off of, hormone
therapies like Premarin and Prempro, and left to suffer from rebound symptoms, with
no true alternatives.
Now, physicians are coming back to prescribing hormone replacement therapy for some
women. But what makes HRT safe for some women and not others? We’ve been keeping
up with this debate over the years and following the research as well. Ultimately,
the decision to take HRT is between a woman and her healthcare provider but the
best way to prepare yourself to make that decision is by educating yourself first.
The Women’s Health Initiative — what we know now
The original results of the Women’s Health Initiative showed that women who took
estrogen and progestin had increased risks for heart attack, stroke, blood clots,
and breast cancer. For those who took estrogen alone, the results showed increased
risk of stroke, blood clots, with an uncertain effect on breast cancer. These results
made it clear that hormone replacement therapy came with significant risk.
The passage of time has given researchers more perspective on the original results.
For instance, most of the women
enrolled in the WHI were older and far beyond menopause. Newer studies are
suggesting that women less than 60 years old and within ten years of menopause are
at considerably less risk than older women, and, in fact, may benefit from hormone
replacement therapy. Yet, the US Preventive Services Task Force published a report
in 2012 concluding that the risks of hormone therapy still outweigh the benefits.
Do the risks outweigh the benefits for you?
Our stance on hormone replacement therapy is that
the decision is personal and the risks and benefits should be discussed with your
practitioner. However, based on the recent research, there are some guidelines you
should consider as you make your decision. HRT risks go down if:
- You are less than 60 years old.
- You are close to menopause and still having symptoms.
- Your personal and family medical history do NOT include
breast cancer, endometrial cancer, ovarian cancer, or liver disease.
- You use transdermal, transvaginal,
sublingual, or melt forms of HRT instead of pills that are taken orally.
- You don’t use hormone replacement therapy for more than five to seven years.
Each woman has a unique set of circumstances and should always make decisions about
hormone therapy with her healthcare practitioner. If you are experiencing severe
symptoms that are significantly impacting your life, HRT may be the best option
for you. However, consider our recommendation to always begin with the least invasive
approach first and add more support, if needed.
Phytotherapy — an effective alternative to HRT
Phytotherapy, the use of medicinal plants and plant extracts heal and restore balance
in the body, is a great way to manage menopause symptoms without the risks of HRT.
Several herbs have shown great results for women. We recommend black cohosh, kudzu,
and red clover for symptoms of estrogen imbalance like hot flashes and night sweats.
Passionflower, chasteberry, and wild yam work well for symptoms related to progesterone
imbalance like anxiety, insomnia, and irritability.
We’ve found that the most effective approach to eliminating menopause symptoms includes
a multi-botanical like our
Herbal Equilibrium (which contains all the herbs above and ashwagandha for
its mood stabilization and aphrodisiac properties), plus a high-quality multivitamin/mineral
complex and hormone-friendly changes in diet and lifestyle. Our
Hormonal Health Program includes all of this, plus phone support from women
right here in Maine so you can personalize our approach to fit your needs for menopause
relief. There are lots of options for frustrating menopause symptoms — and we are
here to help!
Wean off HRT safely, relieve symptoms &
avoid rebound effects with our exclusive Program.
Getting Off HRT Program takes the guesswork out of easing off hormone therapy
toward natural menopause relief.